Coach Proposals Recap

To enhance (we hope) understanding of the big picture for proposals in Coach Proposals for the Improvement of IJS we provide here a summary of what these proposals do and how they work together. 

Deductions for falls.

Cuts the penalty for falls in an element in half.  Leaves the deduction the same for other falls.  Offers a cleared definition of a fall.

Delete the random draw of the judges.

Get rid of the random draw for discard judges and use marks from all the judges to calculate results.  The trimmed mean would still be used.

Delete secret judging

The judges would be identified and which marks were given by which judge would be transparent.

One step sequence (straight line, circular or serpentine)

Have only one step sequence in the short programs for Junior and Senior Ladies and Men

Senior and Junior well Balanced Program

Have only only one sequence in the free skate for Junior and Senior Ladies and Men,  The men would do a step sequence.  The ladies could do a step sequence or spiral sequence or sequence with a mix fo steps and spirals.

Junior Short Program

Forbid triple Axel in Men's Short Program.  Forbid triple-triple combinations in the Ladies Short Program.

Jump repetitions

Only two jumps can be repeated in a combination or jump sequence.  Only the first two jumps in a jump combination would receive points.  Skaters could do combinations with more than two jumps, but only the first two would receive points.

Repetition of Basic Position for Spins in One Position

If a program has more than one spin in one position, the spins must be in different basic positions.  A program with a flying sit spin and a change foot sit spin would not be permitted.

Definitions of Spin positions

Defines the basic spin positions in essentially the traditional way, but with sufficient clarity to eliminate the need for the "intermediate" positions which is not a basic spin position at all.  Also makes clear which basic position some of the "odd-ball" positions fall under.

If a sit spin has a weak sit position, the judges would take this into account in the GoEs, not the technical panel in the identification of the spin as sitting or not.  No more agonizing if the buttocks are lower than the knee.  If a sit spin is required in the Short Program, and the position is excessively poor, the judges would go to a GoE of -4, instead of the Technical Panel calling the spin something else with no value.

Concluding revolutions

The concluding upright position at the end of a spin (final wind- up) will not to be considered another position. Up to three concluding upright rotations would be permitted before the upright rotations were considered a position that changed the identification of the spin.

Steps, Spiral Sequences and Moves in the Field

Step Sequences

Various edge moves and other moves would be permitted in step sequences to add variety.  Step sequences should reflect the character of the music.  The goal of this rule it to get rid of the footwork tornado and increase variety in the sequences.

Spiral sequence (Ladies)

Ladies would have the choice of a step sequence or a spiral sequence, or a sequence that included both steps and spirals.

Death spirals

One hand hold in death spirals.  In seniors a minimum of 2 full revolutions of the lady while the man remains is in deep pivot position would be required.  In juniors only one revolution would be required.


Levels would be eliminated for most elements.  Elements would receive their base value and a GoE.  Sequences would receive a base value but no GoE, and marked by the judges in skating skills instead.

Base values for spins and steps

1) Spins with no change of foot and no change of basic position.

Upright Spin   Base value   1.5
Cross foot spin, free foot crossed in front   Base value   2.5
Cross foot spin, free foot crossed behind   Base value   3.2
Layback or sideways leaning spin   Base value   3.2
Biellmann spin   Base value   4.0
Sit Spin   Base value   3.0
Camel spin   Base value   3.5

2) Spins with flying entry and with no change of foot and no change of basic position.

Flying sit spin   Base Value   5.0
Flying sit spin changing the foot of landing   Base Value   5.5
Flying Camel spin   Base Value   4.5

3) Spins with change of foot without change of position.

Upright Spin    Base Value   2.8
Layback Spin    Base Value   4.2
Sit Spin    Base Value   4.0
Camel spin    Base Value   4.5

4)  Spin combination with no change of foot and two changes of position.

    Base Value 4.5

5)  Spin combination with change of foot and three changes of position.

Base Value 5.5

6)  For items 3) through 5) add 0.5 to the Base Value if the spin is begun with a flying entry.

This increases the value of a flying spin, compared to a non-flying spin.

7)  Change of edge during the spin.

Added base value if the spin has a change of edge, but the skaters would only get this added value once.

This proposal also increases the base value for the more difficult spins, so a good spinner would see an increase in their scores compared to currently.

The goal is that the quality of spins would be based on  their speed, centering and the basic positions, but not on twisty awkward positions and gimmick features.

Spins would not have levels.

Base value for step sequences

1) Straight line step sequence: base value basic 3.0

2) Circular step sequence: base value basic 3.0

3) Serpentine step sequence: base value basic 3.0

4) Spiral sequence: base value basic 4.0

Step and Spiral sequences will receive no GoEs from the judges and will be scored in the Program Components.

Sequences would not have levels.

Base value of jump sequences

Increase the value of jump sequences.

1)  in the case of only small hops connecting the jumps, the value of the sequence shall equal the sum of the base values for the two highest value jumps in the sequence;

2)  in the case where a Mohawk is included between any two jumps in the sequence the value of the sequence shall equal to the sum of the base values for the two highest value jumps in the sequence, multiplied by a factor of 0.9.

Base value of death spirals:

Backward outside: base value 4.5
Backward inside: base value 4.0
Forward outside: base value 5.0
Forward inside: base value 4.0

Levels of the elements and no-value elements

Technical Specialists will determine the name and the Level of difficulty (when necessary) of elements.

In the case of a fall, or landing with nearly equal weight on both feet, for any jump or throw jump in Single or Pairs, the jump or throw will be considered not-completed, and called by the Technical Panel a no-value jump or throw with a base value of 0.

It is proposed to abolish the use of "features" in spins and step and spiral sequences in singles, and in side-by-side spins, side-by-side step and spiral sequences, twist lifts and death spirals in pairs. Features would be retained only in pair spins and overhead (group) pair lifts.

Judges would reward added difficulty in the GoE as a positive aspect of the element.

Grade of Execution (GoE)

GoEs would be expanded to +4 to allow the judges to better separate elements of different quality.

Rather than an inconsistent hodgepodge of arbitrary value, the Scale of Values tables would be proportional to the base values.

- 4 is 25% of base value
- 3 is 50% of base value
- 2 is 75% of base value
- 1 is 90% of base value
0 is 100% of base value
+ 1 is 110% of base value
+ 2 is 125% of base value
+ 3 is 150% of base value
+ 4 is 175% of base value

This proposals together with the expanded GoE scale and the proposals for falls and downgrades insures that jumps with falls or downgrades receive some credit, but not more credit than a successful jump of one less rotation.

Program Components

There would now be two Program Components instead of five, consisting of: Skating Skills and Presentation.

Sequences would receive a base value, but no GoE.  They would also be taken into consideration under Skating Skills.

All of the criteria in the current five PCs would still be judged, but they would be organized into the two new PCs.

The PCs would be marked on a 6.0 scale, to the nearest 1/10th point.

Judges would be allowed to mentally compare all the performances in forming their PC marks.

The Program Components would represent 50% of the total score in an event segment.   Skating skills would be 20% of PCS and Presentation would be 30% of PCS.

Downgrading of jumps.

If a jump is under-rotated by up to rotation, the jump is not downgraded and the judges take under-rotation into account is assigning the GoE.

If the jump is under-rotated by more than rotation, the jump will be downgraded and the judges must mark the jump with a negative GOE.

Scale of values for jumps



































Set the SoV based on a set of "value principles" from which the Base Values are derived in a fully consistent manner.  Those principles being that for jumps:

Flip and Lutz

A suggestion that the ISU study combining the flip and Lutz into one type of jump with a takeoff from any edge.

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Copyright 2009 by George S. Rossano